How To Train A Rabbit To Use A Litter Box

How To Train A Rabbit To Use A Litter Box


Rabbits are intelligent creatures and can be litter trained. That said, each rabbit is different, and it takes some patience and work to get your bunny to use the litter box. If you’re determined to succeed, here’s how.

Rabbits are very intelligent animals, and they can be litter trained. Here’s how you can get your rabbit to use a litter box:

  • Watch your rabbit closely to see what he does. Pay attention to where and when he goes.
  • Locate his toilet spot and make sure it’s in an area he likes to hang out in, such as a corner of his cage or an area of your home that gets plenty of sunlight or indirect natural light.
  • Make sure there’s enough space for the litter box: It should be at least 2 inches deep by 4 inches wide by 8 inches long, large enough for your rabbit to turn around easily inside it. The litter material should be 2 inches deep as well so that when you fill up the box with clean bedding, there will still be room for some urine-soaked bedding at the bottom.*

Provide the essentials

You’ll need to provide your rabbit with the following items:

  • A litter box, large enough for your rabbit to turn around in. You can purchase one from a pet store or build one yourself by cutting out a section of a cardboard box.
  • A litter box cover for privacy. If you don’t have one already, you can use an old towel or blanket as a substitute when creating an enclosed space for your rabbit’s activities.
  • Cat litter that’s safe for rabbits (in case you didn’t know it already, rabbits are not cats). Rabbits are prone to getting diarrhea from chemicals found in many types of cat litters—most notably pine and cedar oils—so stick with non-clumping clay-based products instead! We recommend Carefresh Premium Pet Bedding.
  • The scoop used for cleaning out cat litter boxes works well too because it has sharp sides that help reduce messes when removing clumped waste material without disturbing clean bedding underneath it first.”

Introduce it slowly

Introduce the litter box slowly. If you have a rabbit that has never used a litter box, take it from them and put the box where they can get to it. Put some hay in the box and let them explore on their own time.

Do not force your rabbit to use it if they don’t want to or if you think they’re not ready yet. Be patient, as well as understanding and kind when introducing them to their new bathroom! You want this experience to be pleasant for both of you, so let them know what is going on when introducing something new like this into their lives.

Remember: don’t move it too much (or at all) while they are getting used to it; don’t move it too fast or too slow; don’t move it too often (or at all).

Pay close attention

Pay close attention to your rabbit’s behavior. If they are scratching at the corner of the cage, they may be trying to tell you they need to go. If they are making a mess, they may be trying to tell you they need to go. If you are unable and unwilling or unable because of the laws where you live not able then it’s time for them to go find their own place but that is a whole different lesson altogether!

Try not to scold or punish them

To avoid causing your rabbit to feel frightened or abandoned by you, you should not scold or punish them. It is also recommended that you avoid hitting your rabbit. This can cause severe psychological damage to the animal and can lead to aggression in the future. Also, do not scold or punish your rabbit for going potty in the wrong place as this could cause them to become afraid of their litter box and stop using it altogether.

Start small and then expand

  • Start small and then expand. The best way to acclimate your rabbit to its new home is by starting small and expanding the space, materials and toys as it becomes comfortable. Choose a litter box that is large enough for the rabbit to comfortably turn around in but not so large that he/she can’t get in or out easily. Start with just enough litter for the bottom of the box and gradually add more as needed-no need for a deep layer at first! You may also want to add some hay into their cage (or outside) right away so they can take their time getting used to eating it-don’t worry if your rabbit doesn’t eat right away!

You can train your rabbit to use a litterbox, but it takes time and patience.

Rabbits are very intelligent animals, and they can be litter trained in a few weeks if you’re patient.

However, it is important to start with small steps.

In the beginning, only put one or two pieces of hay in the litterbox at first; once your rabbit realizes where this new place is located (and that it does not have to be afraid), he or she will begin using it more frequently. Then you can gradually increase the size of your litterbox until it’s big enough for your rabbit to comfortably go inside (usually no smaller than three times their length).


As you can see, training a rabbit to use their litter box is a process. It will require patience and consistency from both you and the rabbit. But never be discouraged! If at first you don’t succeed, try again. Once your rabbit is using their box with regularity, they will be much happier and healthier, and so will you.

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